Joomla Basic Htaccess File More Comments

by Elaine on October 30, 2009

## Here is the Basic Joomla htaccess file with more comments  ## # @version $Id: htaccess.txt 4756 2006-08-25 16:07:11Z stingrey $ # @package Joomla # @copyright Copyright (C) 2005 Open Source Matters. All rights reserved. # @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU/GPL # Joomla! is Free Software ##  ##################################################### #  READ THIS COMPLETELY IF YOU CHOOSE TO USE THIS FILE # # The line just below this section: 'Options FollowSymLinks' may cause problems # with some server configurations.  It is required for use of mod_rewrite, but may already # be set by your server administrator in a way that dissallows changing it in # your .htaccess file.  If using it causes your server to error out, comment it out (add # to # beginning of line), reload your site in your browser and test your sef url's.  If they work, # it has been set by your server administrator and you do not need it set here. # # Only use one of the two SEF sections that follow.  Lines that can be uncommented # (and thus used) have only one #.  Lines with two #'s should not be uncommented # In the section that you don't use, all lines should start with # # # For Standard SEF, use the standard SEF section.  You can comment out # all of the RewriteCond lines and reduce your server's load if you # don't have directories in your root named 'component' or 'content' # # If you are using a 3rd Party SEF or the Core SEF solution # uncomment all of the lines in the '3rd Party or Core SEF' section # #####################################################  #####  SOLVING PROBLEMS WITH COMPONENT URL's that don't work ##### # SPECIAL NOTE FOR SMF USERS WHEN SMF IS INTEGRATED AND BRIDGED # OR ANY SITUATION WHERE A COMPONENT's URL's AREN't WORKING # # In both the 'Standard SEF', and '3rd Party or Core SEF' sections the line: # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/component/option,com) [NC,OR] ##optional - see notes## # May need to be uncommented.  If you are running your Joomla/Mambo from # a subdirectory the name of the subdirectory will need to be inserted into this # line.  For example, if your Joomla/Mambo is in a subdirectory called '/test/', # change this: # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/component/option,com) [NC,OR] ##optional - see notes## # to this: # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/test/component/option,com) [NC,OR] ##optional - see notes## # #####################################################  ##  Can be commented out if causes errors, see notes above. Options FollowSymLinks  # #  mod_rewrite in use  RewriteEngine On  #  Uncomment following line if your webserver's URL #  is not directly related to physical file paths. #  Update Your Joomla/MamboDirectory (just / for root)  # RewriteBase /  ########## Begin - Joomla! core SEF Section ############# Use this section if using ONLY Joomla! core SEF ## ALL (RewriteCond) lines in this section are only required if you actually ## have directories named 'content' or 'component' on your server ## If you do not have directories with these names, comment them out. # #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/component/option,com) [NC,OR] 		##optional - see notes## #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} (/|.htm|.php|.html|/[^.]*)$  [NC] #RewriteRule ^(content/|component/) index.php # ########## End - Joomla! core SEF Section  ########## Begin - 3rd Party SEF Section ############# Use this section if you are using a 3rd party (Non Joomla! core) SEF extension - e.g. OpenSEF, 404_SEF, 404SEFx, SEF Advance, etc # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/component/option,com) [NC,OR] 		##optional - see notes## RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} (/|.htm|.php|.html|/[^.]*)$  [NC] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d RewriteRule (.*) index.php # ########## End - 3rd Party SEF Section  ########## Begin - Rewrite rules to block out some common exploits ## If you experience problems on your site block out the operations listed below ## This attempts to block the most common type of exploit `attempts` to Joomla! # # Block out any script trying to set a mosConfig value through the URL RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} mosConfig_[a-zA-Z_]{1,21}(=|%3D) [OR] # Block out any script trying to base64_encode crap to send via URL RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} base64_encode.*(.*) [OR] # Block out any script that includes a <script> tag in URL RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (<|%3C).*script.*(>|%3E) [NC,OR] # Block out any script trying to set a PHP GLOBALS variable via URL RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} GLOBALS(=|[|%[0-9A-Z]{0,2}) [OR] # Block out any script trying to modify a _REQUEST variable via URL RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} _REQUEST(=|[|%[0-9A-Z]{0,2}) # Send all blocked request to homepage with 403 Forbidden error! RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php [F,L] # ########## End - Rewrite rules to block out some common exploits
 Joomla Basic Htaccess File More Comments

Elaine

Elaine is the founder of CmsMind, an online blog providing Joomla and Wordpress tutorials. Elaine lives in Toronto and when she is not online, she is either Marathon and Triathlon training or travelling and racing somewhere in the world. Find her also at: Save Money, Premium Themes and Templates, and at Webhosting Tips.

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