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JoomlaJoomla Setup

Joomla Basic Htaccess File More Comments

## Here is the Basic Joomla htaccess file with more comments  ## # @version $Id: htaccess.txt 4756 2006-08-25 16:07:11Z stingrey $ # @package Joomla # @copyright Copyright (C) 2005 Open Source Matters. All rights reserved. # @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU/GPL # Joomla! is Free Software ##  ##################################################### #  READ THIS COMPLETELY IF YOU CHOOSE TO USE THIS FILE # # The line just below this section: 'Options FollowSymLinks' may cause problems # with some server configurations.  It is required for use of mod_rewrite, but may already # be set by your server administrator in a way that dissallows changing it in # your .htaccess file.  If using it causes your server to error out, comment it out (add # to # beginning of line), reload your site in your browser and test your sef url's.  If they work, # it has been set by your server administrator and you do not need it set here. # # Only use one of the two SEF sections that follow.  Lines that can be uncommented # (and thus used) have only one #.  Lines with two #'s should not be uncommented # In the section that you don't use, all lines should start with # # # For Standard SEF, use the standard SEF section.  You can comment out # all of the RewriteCond lines and reduce your server's load if you # don't have directories in your root named 'component' or 'content' # # If you are using a 3rd Party SEF or the Core SEF solution # uncomment all of the lines in the '3rd Party or Core SEF' section # #####################################################  #####  SOLVING PROBLEMS WITH COMPONENT URL's that don't work ##### # SPECIAL NOTE FOR SMF USERS WHEN SMF IS INTEGRATED AND BRIDGED # OR ANY SITUATION WHERE A COMPONENT's URL's AREN't WORKING # # In both the 'Standard SEF', and '3rd Party or Core SEF' sections the line: # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/component/option,com) [NC,OR] ##optional - see notes## # May need to be uncommented.  If you are running your Joomla/Mambo from # a subdirectory the name of the subdirectory will need to be inserted into this # line.  For example, if your Joomla/Mambo is in a subdirectory called '/test/', # change this: # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/component/option,com) [NC,OR] ##optional - see notes## # to this: # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/test/component/option,com) [NC,OR] ##optional - see notes## # #####################################################  ##  Can be commented out if causes errors, see notes above. Options FollowSymLinks  # #  mod_rewrite in use  RewriteEngine On  #  Uncomment following line if your webserver's URL #  is not directly related to physical file paths. #  Update Your Joomla/MamboDirectory (just / for root)  # RewriteBase /  ########## Begin - Joomla! core SEF Section ############# Use this section if using ONLY Joomla! core SEF ## ALL (RewriteCond) lines in this section are only required if you actually ## have directories named 'content' or 'component' on your server ## If you do not have directories with these names, comment them out. # #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/component/option,com) [NC,OR] 		##optional - see notes## #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} (/|.htm|.php|.html|/[^.]*)$  [NC] #RewriteRule ^(content/|component/) index.php # ########## End - Joomla! core SEF Section  ########## Begin - 3rd Party SEF Section ############# Use this section if you are using a 3rd party (Non Joomla! core) SEF extension - e.g. OpenSEF, 404_SEF, 404SEFx, SEF Advance, etc # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/component/option,com) [NC,OR] 		##optional - see notes## RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} (/|.htm|.php|.html|/[^.]*)$  [NC] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d RewriteRule (.*) index.php # ########## End - 3rd Party SEF Section  ########## Begin - Rewrite rules to block out some common exploits ## If you experience problems on your site block out the operations listed below ## This attempts to block the most common type of exploit `attempts` to Joomla! # # Block out any script trying to set a mosConfig value through the URL RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} mosConfig_[a-zA-Z_]{1,21}(=|%3D) [OR] # Block out any script trying to base64_encode crap to send via URL RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} base64_encode.*(.*) [OR] # Block out any script that includes a <script> tag in URL RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (<|%3C).*script.*(>|%3E) [NC,OR] # Block out any script trying to set a PHP GLOBALS variable via URL RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} GLOBALS(=|[|%[0-9A-Z]{0,2}) [OR] # Block out any script trying to modify a _REQUEST variable via URL RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} _REQUEST(=|[|%[0-9A-Z]{0,2}) # Send all blocked request to homepage with 403 Forbidden error! RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php [F,L] # ########## End - Rewrite rules to block out some common exploits
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